Landscaping techniques in architecture are part of the definition of what landscaping is in practice.
They are prepared so that the professional has a constructive look at the soil, earth, environment and constructions around the area in which the landscape intervention will take place.
These landscaping techniques range from creating a suspended or vertical garden, to thinking about how plants for internal areas can be adapted to certain spaces.
In addition, landscaping techniques point to the preservation of flora species, the intelligent exploration of these resources in the sense of taking advantage of the properties of each plant to create spaces with more harmony and functionality, generating their own environments for a pleasant, sustainable coexistence. and that meets the needs of the project.
The result will always seek an aesthetic end as a consequence, but this cannot be the only objective of a landscape architect.
1 – Vertical Garden
Understanding what landscaping is without going through the concept of vertical gardens is the trickle down segment of the trend.
The technique of placing plants in a vertical position became the rule for some open spaces or not, also invading houses and even apartments. The result is beautiful, elegant and creates proximity with nature, even when the restrictions on the ground surface that can be covered by vegetation.
Projects in residences are the most common to receive a vertical garden, but they can be very good in other environments.
The vertical garden implementation technique implies knowledge of the place that will receive this concept. It is essential that the landscaper choose the types of plants that best adhere to this space, taking into account details such as the need for irrigation, adequate substrate and the development of the roots of the plants.
To do this, you must study details such as the incidence of rain (rainfall) and the position of the incidence of sunlight in relation to the vertical garden, preventing plants from suffering from a lack or excess of both light and water.
The professional who really knows what landscaping is and how the guidelines should be followed puts this and other knowledge into practice so that the vertical garden stays alive and in excellent condition for a long time, also passing on the maintenance instructions for those responsible.
2 – Outdoor furniture for gardens
To better take advantage of the spaces of a landscaping project, it is important to provide places for coexistence, recreation and even contemplation and rest in the gardens and squares.
In the end, what is landscaping if not the technique of making the landscape more beautiful in harmony with its users? If they didn’t have a place to sit or shelter from the sun and rain, that concept won’t work.
For this, the use of suitable furniture is essential, as well as some structures, such as gazebos and fountains. Some examples of suitable furniture are benches made of iron, wood and other synthetic materials, all of which are durable and resistant to rain and sun.
Gazebos and Fountains
Gazebos are open structures on all sides, generally with four wooden columns that support a pergola where plants can be supported (the most common are flowery climbers) generating shade and a pleasant space for coexistence and rest.
The use of fountains is another landscaping technique used to organize spaces where there is a greater incidence of water, avoiding the formation of puddles and other accumulations of water, by directing that natural element for controlled environments.
There are also those who create artificial fountains with the sole purpose of decorating the space.
Furniture in residential gardens
It is worth extending this issue when we refer to housing, since many of the landscaping projects developed by offices aim to serve residential clients.
In this type of project, garden furniture also plays an important role.
They provide pleasant living spaces between friends and family, who can have meals together, enjoy the afternoon to chat or read a book.
In this format of plants with garden furniture, the family takes advantage of the space in a much more complete way. The practice of placing tables and chairs in strategic places in gazebos, balconies or corners brings people together in a more comfortable way.
It is the responsibility of the landscaper to choose the furniture that will be well adapted and used in the client’s space.
The idea is that residential landscaping also provides tranquility, taking advantage of the good vibrations of nature.
3 – Diversified textures
A recurring landscaping technique is the use of textures.
In this concept, the landscaper combines foliage, fabrics, furniture and larger structures to create a beautiful and quite cozy environment.
In this way, stone walls have a very different effect on the landscape than a wooden fence or a hollow structure, such as trusses, such as the famous cobogós, a Brazilian creation of interlocking hollow bricks.
In the same way, sand gardens, flower beds with gravel or rolled stones of different sizes and colors, or covered with tree bark or other fibers, can generate a greater diversity of colors and textures in the environment.
The materials of the furniture, fountains and gazebos must also be thought based on their texture. Benches made of concrete, synthetic fibers or wood will have a completely different visual effect.
Harmonizing these textures in the various elements that make up the space is a landscaping technique that the professional needs to master.
4 – Paths, paths and corners is a landscaping technique
Following the fundamental idea of what landscaping is and how it can help to make the environment more integrated into coexistence with nature, many professionals adopt paths, paths and corners in their projects.
The technique defines exactly the best routes for people to walk through the gardens and take advantage of what they offer, without facing obstacles or damaging what was planted.
In general, stones (following styles and shapes already chosen in the project), flagstones, gravel or simply open paths are applied throughout the garden, so that it is not trampled by visitors.
It is a way of preserving it and giving users a much more complete opportunity to encounter nature, where the vision of the landscape architect is shared with them, since that professional highlights in this way the elements of his garden that he considers most pleasant.
Usually the paths lead to corners, gazebos, viewpoints and fountains and also – in public spaces such as squares, parks and zoos – give access to the local infrastructure, such as cafeterias, restaurants, picnic areas, grills, bathrooms and infirmaries.