Choosing an irrigation system is a difficult task. Irrigation systems are as varied as the people who use them. The correct selection for a user depends on soil, water, and weather conditions, as well as crop types, crop awareness and preference, capital and operating costs, and infrastructure availability. No one system is best for all situations.
Irrigation systems can be used for many different purposes, and understanding the different types of methods will help make your irrigation system effective and beneficial for your gardening needs.
They are one of the most common types of irrigation systems. Because they can be used in a variety of settings, it is known to be the most multifaceted and versatile method of irrigation, and it consists of applying the water imitating rain, that is, by means of a jet of water sprayed in droplets. The mechanism works through a network of pipes that transports the water to the sprinklers, which use pressure to shoot it. Irrigation as such is enhanced through a pumping system. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION SYSTEMS The distribution of the sprinklers must be carried out in such a way that the entire area is covered in the most homogeneous way possible. In general, the pipes that make up the system are buried. In addition, it is made up of water intakes or hydrants, sprinkler branches and the sprinklers as such. This system is considered the best for high production surfaces Drip irrigation is pretty much the opposite of sprinkler irrigation systems because of the way it delivers water to plants. Instead of delivering water above plants and landscaping, drip irrigation works to deliver water directly to plant roots through irrigation lines. This method is popular not only for its efficiency, but also for the amount of water it conserves, saving you time and money, since it significantly reduces the evaporation of water in the soil and allows you to fully automate the irrigation system, with the consequent labor savings. The control of the application doses is easier and more complete. DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEMS It is a variation of drip irrigation and is also known as exuding pipe. It consists of a series of porous plastic pipes that allow the circulating water to pass into the ground. In this way, a uniform and constant irrigation is achieved throughout its length, since the water is transmitted by the soil’s own capillarity, reaching more or less surface depending on the structure of the substrates. Water savings are estimated between 35 and 45%. In most cases, a pressure reducing valve must be installed, since exuding installations work with a water pressure between 0.2 and 0.8 kg/cm2, with flow rates varying between 2 and 8 liters per hour. EXUDENT IRRIGATION SYSTEM Surface irrigation systems use gravity to spread water throughout your gardens. In general, this is the least expensive type of irrigation system for some types of landscaping because the water can be distributed naturally due to the shape of your land, that is, the water is applied on the surface of the soil and distributed in the soil. field by gravity, so that the irrigation flow decreases along the field due to infiltration of the ground. The fact that the force of gravity distributes the water makes it unnecessary to have complex water distribution structures covering the plot to be irrigated, such as piping of sprinkler or drip systems. SURFACE IRRIGATION SYSTEMS On the other hand, it is not necessary to put pressure on the water to obtain a correct and uniform distribution. This means that surface irrigation systems have two clear economic advantages: they do not require complex equipment that burdens the farmer with their depreciation, nor is it necessary to pump the water above the level of the plot, thus obtaining energy savings. The maintenance of green spaces is directly related to the availability of water. For this reason, it is very important to rationalize its use, optimizing it to the maximum and avoiding waste, which manifests itself in unnecessary losses, inadequate times, uncontrolled frequencies, which is why the means to control the use of water are based on automation, computing, telematics and advanced communication technology. In addition to network design programs, consumption optimization, analysis and studies of existing installations, systems that act in real time on the actual parameters of an installation; There are other centralized management systems that help reduce water consumption and better irrigate. COMPUTERIZED IRRIGATION SYSTEM These systems are made up of a central computer equipped with a specific computer program, which receives data from the computerized meteorological system, and from the land to be irrigated, and sends, once the data has been analysed, an irrigation proposal to the area to be irrigated. necessary. This system works through the telephone network. There are many types of irrigation systems on the market today, but to know which one is correct, you must take into account the above. It should be noted that irrigation systems can save you time and money, not only benefit your landscape, but also help you save. When properly maintained, irrigation systems are a great, reliable, and useful investment for farmers, homeowners, and facility managers. On the other hand, not everyone has several hours to water their gardens and plants throughout the year, irrigation systems do the work for you. Depending on the method and product you choose, your irrigation system can be automated to save you a significant amount of time. Investing in an irrigation system can also save money on utility bills. Many homeowners are not aware of the unnecessary amount of money they are wasting while watering their exteriors. Irrigation systems are designed to provide your plants and gardens with the ideal amount of water throughout the day.